Grain crops in Ukraine and around the world are of strategic importance, because without a large-scale supply of grain, livestock farms would not be high. Cereals are the basis of agricultural production. Grain is the main energy source of the human body. In the structure of food products, cereals and legumes account for 76%. Tubers and roots, vegetables, fruits, sugar account for only 17.2% of food production.
GRAIN CROPS ARE DIVIDED INTO:
- Group I - crops of northern origin with a long day in the summer: wheat, rye, barley, oats;
- Group II - crops of southern origin with a short day in the summer: corn, millet, sorghum, buckwheat and rice, sometimes also include chumiza (Italian millet), Paise (Japanese millet), African millet.